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Inflation Cools, Mortgage Rates Decline

Overview: Over the past week, investors were mostly focused on the latest inflation data. The reading came in weaker than expected, and mortgage rates ended the week a little lower.


The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a closely watched inflation indicator that looks at the price changes for a broad range of goods and services. To get a better sense of the underlying long-term trend, investors generally prefer to look at core CPI, which excludes the volatile food and energy components. In August, core CPI rose 0.1% from July, which was less than expected. On an annual basis, core CPI was 4% higher than a year ago, a very high figure by historical standards. However, this was down from an annual rate of increase of 4.5% in June, a level not seen since 1991. Since inflation is negative for mortgage rates, this lower-than-expected data caused rates to decline.

The Department of Labor releases the total number of new claims for unemployment insurance each week, and the latest reading was 310,000, the lowest level since March 2020. This was down significantly from the inflated figures seen during the early months of the pandemic, but still well above the readings around 220,000 that were typical during 2019.

As expected, the European Central Bank (ECB) announced at Thursday's meeting that it will reduce its bond purchases, but it did not specify by exactly how much. Rather, the meeting statement said that it will proceed with a "moderately lower pace" of net asset purchases. While the U.S. Federal Reserve has not yet begun to scale back its bond buying program, it is expected to do so before the end of the year.


Core CPI (annual % change)

Week Ahead

September 16 — Retail Sales report

September 21 — New Residential Construction report (aka Housing Starts)

September 22 — Existing-Home Sales report

September 22 — U.S. Fed meeting



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